Kawasaki Disease Severity Score (KDSS)


The Kawasaki Disease Severity Score (KDSS) is a clinical tool utilized by healthcare professionals to assess the severity of Kawasaki disease (KD), a pediatric vasculitis that primarily affects medium-sized blood vessels, particularly those of the coronary arteries. The KDSS aids in stratifying patients based on the severity of their disease presentation, guiding treatment decisions and monitoring for potential complications.

The KDSS incorporates various clinical and laboratory parameters to assign a numerical score reflective of disease severity. These parameters often include features such as fever duration, presence of mucosal changes (e.g., strawberry tongue, cracked lips), rash characteristics, extremity changes, lymphadenopathy, and laboratory markers of inflammation (e.g., erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein). By systematically evaluating these factors, healthcare providers can calculate a total KDSS score for each patient, facilitating risk stratification and individualized management.

One of the primary benefits of the Kawasaki Disease Severity Score is its role in guiding treatment decisions and predicting outcomes in children with KD. Patients with higher KDSS scores may be at increased risk of developing coronary artery abnormalities, including coronary artery aneurysms, and may require more aggressive treatment strategies, such as intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and aspirin. Additionally, the KDSS facilitates standardized assessment and documentation of disease severity, enhancing communication among healthcare providers and ensuring consistency in patient management. Overall, the Kawasaki Disease Severity Score is a valuable tool in clinical practice for optimizing care and improving outcomes in children with KD.

Kawasaki Disease Severity Score (KDSS) Calculator

Kawasaki Disease Severity Score (KDSS) Calculator